When an incarcerated individual kills himself, it is considered prison suicide. The manner by which the prisoner commits the act does not matter, as long as the intent is to end one’s life and successfully does so.
Prison suicides are an issue that has recently come under the spotlight, but it is hardly a new problem. Depending on the country – among other factors – prison suicides have increased.
A study by Anasseril E. Daniel, MD, titled “Preventing Suicide in Prison: A Collaborative Responsibility of Administrative, Custodial, and Clinical Staff” states that “suicide is the third leading cause of death in U.S. prisons and the second in jails. The suicide rate in prisons ranged from 18 to 40 per 100,000 during the past three decades.”
One of these damning factors is the lack of attention to prisoners who have mental health problems.